International Organization for Standards (ISO): Authored the OSI Reference Model.
This model acts as an architectural standard for virtually all commercial networking. www.iso.org
American National Standards Institute (ANSI): Authored theFiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) used for fiber optic networks.
International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T), formerly known as the CCITT: Developed the X.25 packet switching protocol standard. http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/index.html X.25 : Allow remote devices to communicate with each other across high speed digital links without the expense of individual leased line.
Electronic Industries Associations (EIA): Authored the EIA/TIA-232 standard (formerly known as RS-232), used for remote dial-up networking. Internet Activities Board (IAB):
An important standards committee for the Internet, the IAB influences TCP/IP and SNMP
Internet Activities Board (IAB): An important standards committee for the Internet, the IAB influences TCP/IP and SNMP (the Simple Network Management Protocol; the protocol used by many network management solutions).
http://www.iab.org/ Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP): Provides a common messaging technique through
which various systems management elements can share information and deploy agents and actions.
(FDDI):Fiber Distributed Data Interface A procedure for sending digital data over fiber optic cables.
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) is a standard for data transmission in a local area network. It uses optical fiber as its standard underlying physical medium, although it was also later specified to use copper cable,
in which case it may be called CDDI (Copper Distributed Data Interface), standardized as TP-PMD (Twisted-Pair Physical Medium-Dependent), also referred to as TP-DDI (Twisted-Pair Distributed Data Interface).