Local elements: Appearing only on pages of a sub-site
Supplemental elements: Placed remotely, give overview of site content and organization
Labels: Textual and iconic elements
Textual labels: Literal, word-based indicators
Iconic labels: Visual images that resemble what they represent
Web Navigational Elements
When users look for information, they have a goal and will methodically look for that which they are searching.
Even before you started to read this paragraph, chances are you did because you either had the implicit goal of determining the elements of web navigation, or had the explicit goal of finding information about Navigation Design.
Navigation is only one segment of the information architecture of a website, but it is the most visible segment to the end user. Fortunately, the internal structure of your web development team does not have to be known to the end user.
marketing may maintain most of the site,
human resources maintains the job section,
and investor relations has outsourced the finance to Goldman Sachs.
If your site shares a navigation strategy, the minor behind the scenes implementations will be much less apparent to the user.